[30.12.1880 (11.1.1881), , - 27.10.1933, ], . - (1898), (1898-1905) - (1921-30). 1900- - 1910- . - , 1912 . (1918), " " ( 1924). . . . . (" ", , , 1912, 1915). 20- . : , , , ., ( "", , , 1927). . " " (1922, 3- , . . ), . .

.: . . . , ., 1934; . ., . . , ., 1969].

: