(Joannes Duns Scotus) ( 1266, , , - 8.11.1308, ), -; -. . , , ʸ . . . . . , . , . . . , , , . . . . - " ", " ". . . . - , : , ; , , . . . . - . . . . , , , "" (haec ceitas).

. . . . , , . . . . . .

.: Opera omnia..., v. 1-Civitas Vaticana, 1950; . ., .: , . 1, . 2, ., 1969,. 877-890.

.: , . 1, ., 1940, . 474-76; ., , . [ .], ., 1912, . 6; Harris C. R. S., Duns Scotus, v. 1-2, L.-Oxf., 1927; Gilson ., Joan Duns Scot, P., 1952; Copleston Fr. Ch., History of philosophy, v. 2, Oxf., 1965.

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